Bergstrom JC, Cordell HK. An analysis of the demand for and value of outdoor recreation in the United States. Journal of Leisure Research. 1991 Jan 1;23(1):67.
USA
---
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$27.97
Per Person Per Day
Betz CJ, Bergstrom JC, Bowker JM. A contingent trip model for estimating rail-trail demand. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 2003 Jan 1;46(1):79-96.
GA,SC
---
Contingent Valuation Method
$26.47
Per Person Per Day
Betz CJ, Bergstrom JC, Bowker JM. A contingent trip model for estimating rail-trail demand. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 2003 Jan 1;46(1):79-96.
GA,SC
---
Contingent Valuation Method
$41.91
Per Person Per Day
Bowker JM, Bergstrom JC, Gill J, Lemanski U. The Washington & Old Dominion trail: An assessment of user demographics, preferences, and economics. Virginia Department of Conservation. 2004 Dec 9.
VA
Washington & Old Dominion Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$11.78
Per Person Per Day
Bowker JM, Bergstrom JC, Gill J, Lemanski U. The Washington & Old Dominion trail: An assessment of user demographics, preferences, and economics. Virginia Department of Conservation. 2004 Dec 9.
VA
Washington & Old Dominion Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$17.69
Per Person Per Day
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
IA
Heritage Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$45.79
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
IA
Heritage Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$38.56
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
IA
Heritage Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$41.01
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
IA
Heritage Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$64.49
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
IA
Heritage Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$21.38
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
IA
Heritage Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$29.57
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
FL
St. Marks Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$85.61
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
FL
St. Marks Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$71.40
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
FL
St. Marks Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$70.94
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
FL
St. Marks Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$122.33
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
FL
St. Marks Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$36.92
Per Person Per Day*
Siderelis C, Moore R. Outdoor recreation net benefits of rail-trails. Journal of Leisure Research. 1995 Oct 1;27(4):344.
FL
St. Marks Trail
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$54.22
Per Person Per Day*
Reference Location

Site

Ownership

Wilderness

Survey
Type

Data Year(s)

Visitor Type

Sample
Summary
Stats
Provided

Response
Rate (%)

Sample Frame

Valuation Method

Regression
Model
Provided

Sample
Size

Stated
Preference
Elicitation
Method

Stated
Preference
Payment
Vehicle

Stated
Preference
Payment Type

Revealed Preference
Substitute Price
Included
in Regression

Revealed
Preference
Observations
Truncated

Revealed Preference
Corrected for
Endogenous
Stratifaction

Revealed Preference
Cost/Mile
Used

Revealed Preference
Opportunity Cost
of Time Included
in Regression

Revealed Preference
Opportunity Cost
of Time Used

Revealed Preference
% of Wage
Rate Used

Revealed Preference
Single Destination
Trips Only

Revealed Preference
Primary Purpose
Visitors Only

Group
Size

Days
per Trip

Economic Value Estimate(2016)

Units

USA

---

Public Land - Mixed

---

In-person

1987

Residents and Non-residents

No

81.25

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

2998

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

---

Yes

Wage Rate

50

Yes

Yes

---

---

$27.97

Per Person Per Day

GA,SC

---

Public Land - Other

---

Mail

1999

Residents

Yes

39

General population

Contingent Valuation Method

Yes

249

Open-ended

Trip Cost

Per use

Yes

No

---

0.12

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

$26.47

Per Person Per Day

GA,SC

---

Public Land - Other

---

Mail

1999

Residents

Yes

39

General population

Contingent Valuation Method

Yes

249

Open-ended

Trip Cost

Per use

Yes

No

---

0.19

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

$41.91

Per Person Per Day

VA

Washington & Old Dominion Trail

Public Land - Other

---

In-person

2003

Residents

Yes

---

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

997

---

---

---

Yes

Yes

No

0.131

No

---

---

Yes

Yes

1.33

1

$11.78

Per Person Per Day

VA

Washington & Old Dominion Trail

Public Land - Other

---

In-person

2003

Residents

Yes

---

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

997

---

---

---

Yes

Yes

No

0.131

No

---

---

Yes

Yes

1.33

1

$17.69

Per Person Per Day

IA

Heritage Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

307

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

58

Yes

Unspecified

1.79

1

$45.79

Per Person Per Day*

IA

Heritage Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

307

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

58

Yes

Unspecified

1.79

1

$38.56

Per Person Per Day*

IA

Heritage Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

307

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

58

Yes

Unspecified

1.79

1

$41.01

Per Person Per Day*

IA

Heritage Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

307

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

58

Yes

Unspecified

1.79

1

$64.49

Per Person Per Day*

IA

Heritage Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

307

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

58

Yes

Unspecified

1.79

1

$21.38

Per Person Per Day*

IA

Heritage Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

307

---

---

---

No

No

Yes

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

58

Yes

Unspecified

1.79

1

$29.57

Per Person Per Day*

FL

St. Marks Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

522

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

52

Yes

Unspecified

1.61

1

$85.61

Per Person Per Day*

FL

St. Marks Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

522

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

52

Yes

Unspecified

1.61

1

$71.40

Per Person Per Day*

FL

St. Marks Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

522

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

52

Yes

Unspecified

1.61

1

$70.94

Per Person Per Day*

FL

St. Marks Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

522

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

52

Yes

Unspecified

1.61

1

$122.33

Per Person Per Day*

FL

St. Marks Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

522

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

52

Yes

Unspecified

1.61

1

$36.92

Per Person Per Day*

FL

St. Marks Trail

Public Land - Other

---

Mixed Modes

1991

Residents

Yes

79.3

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

522

---

---

---

No

No

Yes

0.19

Yes

Wage Rate

52

Yes

Unspecified

1.61

1

$54.22

Per Person Per Day*

Average Values

Regions
Leisure Bicycling Averages - Activity Detail
Region Observations Average Value
(per person per day, 2016 dollars)
Minimum Value Maximum Value
Alaska --- ---   ---   ---  
Intermountain --- ---   ---   ---  
Multiple Areas 1 $27.96 $27.96 $27.96
Northeast 6 $43.08 $21.37 $45.79
Pacific Coast --- ---   ---   ---  
Southeast 10 $53.92 $11.78 $122.32
Total Sample 17 $48.57 $11.78 $122.32

* Converted from original units

Application version: 3.0.0