Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$110.55

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$166.61

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$57.32

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$110.02

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$108.92

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$169.77

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$105.57

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$34.11

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$161.03

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics, 18: 15-31.

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$69.69

Berrens, R.P., P. Ganderton and C.L. Silva. 1996. Valuing the protection of minimum instream flows in New Mexico. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 21(2): 294-309.

NM

---

Silvery Minnow

Contingent Valuation Method

$45.25

Bowker, J.M. and J.R. Stoll. 1988. Use of dichotomous choice nonmarket methods to value the whooping crane resource. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 70(2): 372-381.

TX

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

Whooping Crane

Contingent Valuation Method

$81.93

Bowker, J.M. and J.R. Stoll. 1988. Use of dichotomous choice nonmarket methods to value the whooping crane resource. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 70(2): 372-381.

TX and USA

---

Whooping Crane

Contingent Valuation Method

$51.81

Boyle, K.J. and R.C. Bishop. 1987. Valuing wildlife in benefit-cost analysis: a case study involving endangered species. Water Resources Research, 23(5): 943-950.

WI

---

Bald Eagle

Contingent Valuation Method

$27.35

Boyle, K.J. and R.C. Bishop. 1987. Valuing wildlife in benefit-cost analysis: a case study involving endangered species. Water Resources Research, 23(5): 943-950.

WI

---

Striped Shiner

Contingent Valuation Method

$9.61

Chambers, C.M. and J.C. Whitehead. 2003. A contingent valuation estimate of the benefits of wolves in Minnesota. Environmental and Resource Economics, 26: 249-267.

Ely and St. Cloud, MN

---

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$26.86

Cummings, R.G., P.T. Ganderton and T. McGuckin. 1994. Substitution effects in CVM values. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 76: 205-214.

Albuquerque, NM

---

Colorado Squawfish

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.53

Diffendorfer, J.E., Loomis, J.B., Ries, L., Oberhauser, K., Lopez-Hoffman, L., Semmens, D., Semmens, B., Butterfield, B., Bagstad, K., Goldstein, J. Wiederholt, R., Mattsson, B. and Thogmartin, W.E., 2014. National valuation of monarch butterflies indicates an untapped potential for incentive‐based conservation. Conservation Letters, 7(3), pp. 253-262.

USA

Monarch Butterfly

Contingent Valuation

$31.53

Diffendorfer, J.E., Loomis, J.B., Ries, L., Oberhauser, K., Lopez-Hoffman, L., Semmens, D., Semmens, B., Butterfield, B., Bagstad, K., Goldstein, J. Wiederholt, R., Mattsson, B. and Thogmartin, W.E., 2014. National valuation of monarch butterflies indicates an untapped potential for incentive‐based conservation. Conservation Letters, 7(3), pp. 253-262.

USA

Monarch Butterfly

Contingent Valuation

$42.72

Duffield, J. 1991. Existence and non-consumptive values for wildlife: application to wolf recovery in Yellowstone National Park. In C.L. Kling (Ed.), Benefits and Costs in Natural Resources Planning, Davis: Department of Agricultural Economics, University of California.

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$111.81

Duffield, J. 1992. An economic analysis of wolf recovery in Yellowstone: Park visitor attitudes and values. In: J. Varley and W. Brewster (Eds.), Wolves for Yellowstone? National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park.

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$192.98

Duffield, J., D. Patterson and C. Neher. 1993. Wolves and people in Yellowstone: a case study in the new resource economics. Report to Liz Claiborne and Art Ortenberg Foundation. Department of Economics, University of Montana, Missoula, MT.

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$44.56

Duffield, J.W. and D.A. Patterson. 1992. Field testing existence values: comparison of hypothetical and cash transaction values. Benefits and Costs in Natural Resource Planning, 5th Report. W-133 Western Regional Research Publication. B.Rettig, Compiler, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

USA

---

Arctic Grayling

Contingent Valuation Method

$31.51

Duffield, J.W. and D.A. Patterson. 1992. Field testing existence values: comparison of hypothetical and cash transaction values. Benefits and Costs in Natural Resource Planning, 5th Report. W-133 Western Regional Research Publication. B.Rettig, Compiler, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

USA

---

Arctic Grayling

Contingent Valuation Method

$23.62

Giraud, K., B. Turcin, J. Loomis and J. Cooper. 2002. Economic benefit of the protection program for the Steller sea lion. Marine Policy, 26: 451-458.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Contingent Valuation Method

$85.20

Giraud, K.L., J.B. Loomis and R.L. Johnson. 1999. Internal and external scope in willingness-to-pay estimates for threatened and endangered wildlife. Journal or Environmental Management, 56: 221-229.

USA

---

Mexican Spotted Owl

Contingent Valuation Method

$82.76

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Bottlenose Dolphin

Contingent Valuation Method

$40.96

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Northern Elephant Seal

Contingent Valuation Method

$42.25

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Whales (Gray and Blue)

Contingent Valuation Method

$55.32

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

California Sea Otter

Contingent Valuation Method

$47.93

Hagen, D.A., J.W. Vincent and P.G. Welle. 1992. Benefits of preserving old-growth forests and the spotted owl. Contemporary Economic Policy, 10(2): 13-26.

USA

---

Northern Spotted Owl

Contingent Valuation Method

$158.51

King, D., D. Flynn and W. Shaw. 1988. Total and existence values of a herd of desert bighorn sheep. In: Benefits and Costs in Natural Resource Planning, Interim Report. Western Regional Research Publication W-133, University of California, Davis, CA.

AZ

---

Bighorn Sheep

Contingent Valuation Method

$20.23

Kotchen, M.J. and S.D. Reiling. 2000. Environmental attitudes, motivations, and contingent valuation of nonuse values: a case study involving endangered species. Ecological Economics, 32: 93-107.

ME

---

Peregrine Falcon

Contingent Valuation Method

$38.56

Kotchen, M.J. and S.D. Reiling. 2000. Environmental attitudes, motivations, and contingent valuation of nonuse values: a case study involving endangered species. Ecological Economics, 32: 93-107.

ME

---

Shortnose Sturgeon

Contingent Valuation Method

$39.82

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Saltwater Fish

Choice Experiment

$372.29

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Freshwater Fish

Choice Experiment

$274.22

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Eastern Washington and Columbia River Freshwater Fish

Choice Experiment

$252.13

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Eastern Washington and Columbia River Migratory Fish

Choice Experiment

$175.28

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Migratory Fish

Choice Experiment

$368.04

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$97.00

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$152.92

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$128.63

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$40.44

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$41.45

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$174.94

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$101.74

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$142.40

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics, 25(2): 133-154.

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Choice Experiment

$179.60

Loomis, J. and E. Ekstrand. 1997. Economic benefits of critical habitat for the Mexican spotted owl: a scope test using a multiple-bounded contingent valuation survey. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 22(2): 356-366.

USA

---

Mexican Spotted Owl

Contingent Valuation Method

$61.93

Loomis, J.B. 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research, 32(2): 441-447.

USA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Contingent Valuation Method

$110.12

Loomis, J.B. 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research, 32(2): 441-447.

WA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Contingent Valuation Method

$118.22

Loomis, J.B. 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research, 32(2): 441-447.

Clallam County, WA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Contingent Valuation Method

$95.55

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics, 9: 275-286.

CA

---

Gray Whale

Contingent Valuation Method

$28.51

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics, 9: 275-286.

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon Bay, Point Reyes National Seashore

Gray Whale

Contingent Valuation Method

$52.39

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics, 9: 275-286.

CA

---

Gray Whale

Contingent Valuation Method

$31.97

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics, 9: 275-286.

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon Bay, Point Reyes National Seashore

Gray Whale

Contingent Valuation Method

$44.05

Olsen, D., J. Richards and R.D. Scott. 1991. Existence and sport values for doubling the size of Columbia river basin salmon and steelhead runs. Rivers, 2(1): 44-56.

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Contingent Valuation Method

$114.12

Olsen, D., J. Richards and R.D. Scott. 1991. Existence and sport values for doubling the size of Columbia river basin salmon and steelhead runs. Rivers, 2(1): 44-56.

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Contingent Valuation Method

$144.53

Olsen, D., J. Richards and R.D. Scott. 1991. Existence and sport values for doubling the size of Columbia river basin salmon and steelhead runs. Rivers, 2(1): 44-56.

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Contingent Valuation Method

$51.16

Reaves, D.W., R.A. Kramer and T.P. Holmes. 1999. Does question format matter? Valuing an endangered species. Environmental and Resource Economics, 14: 365-383.

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.28

Reaves, D.W., R.A. Kramer and T.P. Holmes. 1999. Does question format matter? Valuing an endangered species. Environmental and Resource Economics, 14: 365-383.

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Contingent Valuation Method

$22.67

Reaves, D.W., R.A. Kramer and T.P. Holmes. 1999. Does question format matter? Valuing an endangered species. Environmental and Resource Economics, 14: 365-383.

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Contingent Valuation Method

$17.59

Rubin, J., G. Helfand and J. Loomis. 1991. A benefit-cost analysis of the northern spotted owl. Journal of Forestry, 89(12): 25-30.

WA

---

Northern Spotted Owl

Contingent Valuation Method

$73.60

Samples, K.C. and J.R. Hollyer. 1989. Contingent valuation of wildlife resources in the presence of substitutes and complements. In: Johnson, R.L. and G.V. Johnson (Eds.), Economic Valuation of Natural Resources: Issues, Theory and Applications. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Oahu, HI

---

Humpback Whale

Contingent Valuation Method

$289.05

Samples, K.C. and J.R. Hollyer. 1989. Contingent valuation of wildlife resources in the presence of substitutes and complements. In: Johnson, R.L. and G.V. Johnson (Eds.), Economic Valuation of Natural Resources: Issues, Theory and Applications. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Oahu, HI

---

Hawaiian Monk Seal

Contingent Valuation Method

$199.27

Solomon, B.D., C.M. Corey-Luse and K.E. Halvorsen. 2004. The Florida manatee and eco-tourism: toward a safe minimum standard. Ecological Economics, 50: 101-115.

Citrus County, FL

---

Florida Manatee

Contingent Valuation Method

$13.89

Stanley, D.L. 2005. Local perception of public goods: recent assessments of willingness-to-pay for endangered species. Contemporary Economic Policy, 23(2): 165-179.

Orange County, CA

---

Riverside Fairy Shrimp

Contingent Valuation Method

$33.68

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics, 67(4): 390-400.

New England

---

Wild Turkey

Contingent Valuation Method

$18.58

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics, 67(4): 390-400.

MA

---

Atlantic Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$12.09

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics, 67(4): 390-400.

New England

---

Bald Eagle

Contingent Valuation Method

$38.51

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics, 67(4): 390-400.

New England

---

Wild Turkey

Contingent Valuation Method

$13.76

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics, 67(4): 390-400.

MA

---

Atlantic Salmon

Contingent Valuation Method

$13.45

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics, 67(4): 390-400.

New England

---

Bald Eagle

Contingent Valuation Method

$54.67

Swanson, C. 1993. Economics of non-game management: bald eagles on the Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area, Washington. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ohio State University.

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Bald Eagle

Contingent Valuation Method

$291.60

Swanson, C. 1993. Economics of non-game management: bald eagles on the Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area, Washington. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ohio State University.

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Bald Eagle

Contingent Valuation Method

$416.31

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

USA

---

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.50

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$34.05

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

USA

---

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.81

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Contingent Valuation Method

$25.91

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

ID, MT, WY, WA, OR, UT

---

Grizzly Bear

Contingent Valuation Method

$70.90

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

USA

---

Grizzly Bear

Contingent Valuation Method

$63.26

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

Missoula County, MT; Mineral County, MT; Ravalli County, MT; Idaho County, ID; Clearwater County, ID; Nez Perce County, ID; Lewis County, ID; Shoshone County, ID

---

Grizzly Bear

Contingent Valuation Method

$76.69

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Leatherback sea turtle

Choice Experiment

$41.79

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Leatherback sea turtle

Choice Experiment

$74.83

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

North Pacific right whale

Choice Experiment

$80.55

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

North Pacific right whale

Choice Experiment

$45.93

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Loggerhead sea turtle

Choice Experiment

$48.14

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Hawaiian monk seal

Choice Experiment

$39.92

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Puget Sound Chinook salmon

Choice Experiment

$44.58

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Hawaiian monk seal

Choice Experiment

$73.01

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Upper Willammette River Chinook salmon

Choice Experiment

$44.76

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

North Atlantic right whale

Choice Experiment

$42.71

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

North Atlantic right whale

Choice Experiment

$78.85

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Smalltooth sawfish

Choice Experiment

$35.73

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2012. Public willingness to pay for recovering and downlisting threatened and endangered marine species. Conservation Biology, 26(5), pp. 830-839.

USA

Smalltooth sawfish

Choice Experiment

$57.13

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Central California coast coho salmon

Choice Experiment

$64.03

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Southern California steelhead

Choice Experiment

$78.24

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Hawksbill sea turtle

Choice Experiment

$94.63

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Hawksbill sea turtle

Choice Experiment

$103.43

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Black abalone

Choice Experiment

$87.63

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Humpback whale

Choice Experiment

$69.53

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Humpback whale

Choice Experiment

$67.14

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Southern resident killer whale

Choice Experiment

$98.90

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Black abalone

Choice Experiment

$77.62

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Elkhorn coral

Choice Experiment

$88.01

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Elkhorn coral

Choice Experiment

$79.03

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Central California coast coho salmon

Choice Experiment

$56.22

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Southern resident killer whale

Choice Experiment

$92.90

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Johnson's seagrass

Choice Experiment

$45.54

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

CA, OR, & WA

Southern California steelhead

Choice Experiment

$85.39

Wallmo, K. and Lew, D.K., 2015. Public preferences for endangered species recovery: an examination of geospatial scale and non-market values. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, p. 55.

USA

Johnson's seagrass

Choice Experiment

$48.26

Whitehead, J.C. 1992. Ex ante willingness to pay with supply and demand uncertainty: implications for valuing a sea turtle protection programme. Applied Economics, 24: 981-988.

NC

---

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Contingent Valuation Method

$22.63

Reference Location

Site

Species

Type of Change
Being Valued

Percent Change

Species Status at
time of Study

Survey
Type

Data Year(s)

Response
Rate (%)

Sample Frame

Valuation Method

Sample
Size

Stated
Preference
Elicitation
Method

Stated
Preference
Payment
Vehicle

Stated
Preference
Payment Type

Economic Value Estimate (2016 Dollars)

Units

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

53.2

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

347

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$110.55

Per Household Per Year

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

49.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$166.61

Per Household Per Year

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

58.4

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

424

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$57.32

Per Household Per Year

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

49.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$110.02

Per Household Per Year

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

61.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

386

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$108.92

Per Household Per Year

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

61.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

386

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$169.77

Per Household Per Year

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

59.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$105.57

Per Household Per Year

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

53.2

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

347

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$34.11

Per Household Per Year

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

59.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$161.03

Per Household Per Year

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

58.4

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

424

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$69.69

Per Household Per Year

NM

---

Silvery Minnow

Protecting Minimum Instream Flows

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

64

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

284

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$45.25

Per Household Per Year

TX

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

Whooping Crane

Ensure Continued Existence

---

Endangered

In-person

1983

67

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

254

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$81.93

Per Visitor Per Year

TX and USA

---

Whooping Crane

Ensure Continued Existence

---

Endangered

Mail

1983

36

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

316

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$51.81

Per Household Per Year

WI

---

Bald Eagle

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered in Wisconsin; Not Threatened or Endangered at Federal Level

Mail

1984

73

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

147

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$27.35

Per Household Per Year

WI

---

Striped Shiner

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered in Wisconsin; Not Threatened or Endangered at Federal Level

Mail

1984

73

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

355

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$9.61

Per Household Per Year

Ely and St. Cloud, MN

---

Gray Wolf

Sustaining a Stable Population Goal

---

Endangered

Mail

2001

56.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

352

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

One-time

$26.86

Per Household

Albuquerque, NM

---

Colorado Squawfish

Prevent Extinction

---

Mail

1992

53

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

94

Open-ended

State Taxes

Annual in Perpetuity

$14.53

Per Household Per Year

USA

Monarch Butterfly

Expand Recovery Program

Unknown

Online

2012

---

Households

Contingent Valuation

2289

Payment Card

Donations

One-time

$31.53

Per Household

USA

Monarch Butterfly

Expand Recovery Program

Unknown

Online

2012

---

Households

Contingent Valuation

1735

Payment Card

Donations

One-time

$42.72

Per Household

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction

---

Mail

1990

30.6

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

158

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$111.81

Per Visitor

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction

---

Mail

1991

86

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

121

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$192.98

Per Visitor

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction

---

Telephone

1992

46.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

189

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$44.56

Per Household

USA

---

Arctic Grayling

Increased Stream Flows

33.0

Mail

1991

27.3

Nonresident MT Fishing License Holders

Contingent Valuation Method

157

Payment Card

Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$31.51

Per Angler

USA

---

Arctic Grayling

Increased Stream Flows

33.0

Mail

1991

77.1

Nonresident MT Fishing License Holders

Contingent Valuation Method

157

Payment Card

Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$23.62

Per Angler

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Expand Recovery Program

---

Mail

2000

63.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

1653

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$85.20

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Mexican Spotted Owl

Recovery

---

Mail

1996

54.4

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

686

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$82.76

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Bottlenose Dolphin

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

172

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$40.96

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Northern Elephant Seal

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

172

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$42.25

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Whales (Gray and Blue)

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

178

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$55.32

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

California Sea Otter

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

171

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$47.93

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Northern Spotted Owl

Conservation Policy to Prevent Extinction

---

Mail

1990

46

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

291

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes and Wood Prices

Annual in Perpetuity

$158.51

Per Household Per Year

AZ

---

Bighorn Sheep

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Mail

1985

59

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

550

Open-ended

Foundation

Annual

$20.23

Per Household Per Year

ME

---

Peregrine Falcon

Increase in Population

87.5

Mail

1997

63.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

206

Dichotomous Choice

State Taxes

One-time

$38.56

Per Household

ME

---

Shortnose Sturgeon

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Mail

1997

63.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

200

Dichotomous Choice

State Taxes

One-time

$39.82

Per Household

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Saltwater Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$372.29

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Freshwater Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$274.22

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Eastern Washington and Columbia River Freshwater Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$252.13

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Eastern Washington and Columbia River Migratory Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$175.28

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Migratory Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$368.04

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.25

Endangered

Mail

2007

60

Households

Choice Experiment

587

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$97.00

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.7441860465116279

Endangered

Mail

2007

59

Households

Choice Experiment

717

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$152.92

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.27906976744186046

Endangered

Mail

2007

59

Households

Choice Experiment

717

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$128.63

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.08333333333333333

Endangered

Mail

2007

60

Households

Choice Experiment

587

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$40.44

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.047619047619047616

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$41.45

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.5116279069767442

Endangered

Mail

2007

59

Households

Choice Experiment

717

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$174.94

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.22093023255813954

Endangered

Mail

2007

59

Households

Choice Experiment

717

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$101.74

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.23809523809523808

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$142.40

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

0.42857142857142855

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$179.60

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Mexican Spotted Owl

Recovery

---

Endangered

Mail

1996

56

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

218

Multiple Bounded

Payment

Annual in Perpetuity

$61.93

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

600.0

Unspecified

Mail

1994

55

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

423

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$110.12

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

600.0

Threatened Until Recently

Mail

1994

68

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

467

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$118.22

Per Household Per Year

Clallam County, WA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

600.0

Unspecified

Mail

1994

77

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

284

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$95.55

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

50.0

Threatened Until Recently

Mail

1991

54

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

519

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$28.51

Per Household Per Year

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon ...

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

100.0

Threatened Until Recently

Intercept and Mail-back

1991

71.3

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

672

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$52.39

Per Visitor Per Year

CA

---

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

100.0

Threatened Until Recently

Mail

1991

54

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

519

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$31.97

Per Household Per Year

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon ...

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

50.0

Threatened Until Recently

Intercept and Mail-back

1991

71.3

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

672

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$44.05

Per Visitor Per Year

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

100.0

Unknown

Telephone

1989

72

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

695

Open-ended

Electric Bill

Annual

$114.12

Per Household Per Year

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

100.0

Unknown

Telephone

1989

72

Anglers

Contingent Valuation Method

482

Open-ended

Electric Bill

Annual

$144.53

Per Angler Per Year

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

100.0

Unknown

Telephone

1989

72

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

695

Open-ended

Electric Bill

Annual

$51.16

Per Household Per Year

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Chance of Survival

99.0

Endangered

Mail

1992

51

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

184

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$14.28

Per Household Per Year

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Chance of Survival

99.0

Endangered

Mail

1992

47

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

128

Dichotomous Choice

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$22.67

Per Household Per Year

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Chance of Survival

99.0

Endangered

Mail

1992

51

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

154

Open-ended

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$17.59

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Northern Spotted Owl

Chance of Survival

100.0

Threatened

Mail

1987

23

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

216

Payment Card

Unspecified

Annual in Perpetuity

$73.60

Per Household Per Year

Oahu, HI

---

Humpback Whale

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered

In-person

1986

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

328

Dichotomous Choice

Money and Time

One-time

$289.05

Per Person

Oahu, HI

---

Hawaiian Monk Seal

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered

In-person

1986

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

328

Dichotomous Choice

Money and Time

One-time

$199.27

Per Person

Citrus County, FL

---

Florida Manatee

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Endangered

Mail

2001

36

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

297

Payment Card

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$13.89

Per Household Per Year

Orange County, CA

---

Riverside Fairy Shrimp

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered

Mail

2001

32

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

242

Payment Card

Taxes

Annual in Perpetuity

$33.68

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Wild Turkey

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Open-ended

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$18.58

Per Household Per Year

MA

---

Atlantic Salmon

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Not Very Successful

Mail

1989

30

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

169

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$12.09

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Bald Eagle

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Open-ended

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$38.51

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Wild Turkey

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$13.76

Per Household Per Year

MA

---

Atlantic Salmon

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Not Very Successful

Mail

1989

30

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

169

Open-ended

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$13.45

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Bald Eagle

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$54.67

Per Household Per Year

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Bald Eagle

Increase in Population

300.0

Endangered

Mail

1989

57

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

747

Open-ended

Membership in a Fund

One-time

$291.60

Per Visitor

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Bald Eagle

Increase in Population

300.0

Endangered

Mail

1989

57

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

747

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Fund

One-time

$416.31

Per Visitor

USA

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

---

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$14.50

Per Household

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park Area

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

69.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

335

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$34.05

Per Household

USA

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park Area

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

---

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$14.81

Per Household

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

69.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

345

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$25.91

Per Household

ID, MT, WY, WA, OR, UT

---

Grizzly Bear

Reintroduction in the Bitterroot Mountains of Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

289

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$70.90

Per Household

USA

---

Grizzly Bear

Reintroduction in the Bitterroot Mountains of Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

285

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$63.26

Per Household

Missoula County, MT; Mineral County, MT; Ravalli County, MT; Idaho County, ID; Clearwater County, ID; Nez Perce County, ID; Lewis County, ID; Shoshone County, ID

---

Grizzly Bear

Reintroduction in the Bitterroot Mountains of Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

286

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$76.69

Per Household

USA

Leatherback sea turtle

Downlisted to threatened status

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$41.79

Per Household

USA

Leatherback sea turtle

Recovery

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$74.83

Per Household

USA

North Pacific right whale

Recovery

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$80.55

Per Household

USA

North Pacific right whale

Downlisted to threatened status

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$45.93

Per Household

USA

Loggerhead sea turtle

Recovery

Threatened

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$48.14

Per Household

USA

Hawaiian monk seal

Downlisted to threatened status

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$39.92

Per Household

USA

Puget Sound Chinook salmon

Recovery

Threatened

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$44.58

Per Household

USA

Hawaiian monk seal

Recovery

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$73.01

Per Household

USA

Upper Willammette River Chinook salmon

Recovery

Threatened

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$44.76

Per Household

USA

North Atlantic right whale

Downlisted to threatened status

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$42.71

Per Household

USA

North Atlantic right whale

Recovery

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$78.85

Per Household

USA

Smalltooth sawfish

Downlisted to threatened status

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$35.73

Per Household

USA

Smalltooth sawfish

Recovery

Endangered

Telephone & Online

2009

70.8

Households

Choice Experiment

11971

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$57.13

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Central California coast coho salmon

Recovery

Threatened

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$64.03

Per Household

USA

Southern California steelhead

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$78.24

Per Household

USA

Hawksbill sea turtle

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$94.63

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Hawksbill sea turtle

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$103.43

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Black abalone

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$87.63

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Humpback whale

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$69.53

Per Household

USA

Humpback whale

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$67.14

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Southern resident killer whale

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$98.90

Per Household

USA

Black abalone

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$77.62

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Elkhorn coral

Recovery

Threatened

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$88.01

Per Household

USA

Elkhorn coral

Recovery

Threatened

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$79.03

Per Household

USA

Central California coast coho salmon

Recovery

Threatened

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$56.22

Per Household

USA

Southern resident killer whale

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$92.90

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Johnson's seagrass

Recovery

Threatened

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$45.54

Per Household

CA, OR, & WA

Southern California steelhead

Recovery

Endangered

Online

2010

66

Households

Choice Experiment

1742

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$85.39

Per Household

USA

Johnson's seagrass

Recovery

Threatened

Online

2010

65

Households

Choice Experiment

10637

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$48.26

Per Household

NC

---

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Prevent Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

1991

35

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

207

Dichotomous Choice

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$22.63

Per Household Per Year

* Converted from original units

Application version: 3.0.0